Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are conditions when the blood vessels around the anus widen due to increased local pressure on these blood vessels. Generally, the swelling of the blood vessels affected by hemorrhoids is in the rectum or anus (the area around or inside the buttocks). Most hemorrhoids are mild disease and do not even cause symptoms, but if they do occur they usually occur, namely:
Bleeding bright red after bowel movements.
There is mucus after bowel movements.
The lump is hanging outside the anus.
Pain, swelling and redness around the anal area.
Experiencing itching around the anus.
In addition to swelling outside the anus, swelling of blood vessels can also occur in the anus and not be seen. This is known as internal hemorrhoids. While external hemorrhoids are conditions when the swelling occurs outside the anus, which is near the anal canal, and feels more painful.
Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are common diseases. By age 50, nearly half of adults have itching, discomfort, and bleeding. This can indicate the appearance of hemorrhoids.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
The cause of hemorrhoids is related to an increase in blood pressure in the blood vessels in the anus and around it. Too long convulsions during bowel movements are the main cause of increased pressure in the anal area, apart from spasming the following are some things that can cause hemorrhoids:
Frequently lifting heavy objects regularly.
Age is getting older, which makes the tissue supports of the body weaker.
Persistent cough or frequent vomiting.
Have a family medical history of hemorrhoids.
Sitting often for long periods.
Frequent anal intercourse.
Symptoms of Hemorrhoids
Symptoms caused by hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids generally have mild symptoms. The symptoms can disappear on their own within a few days. However, in general, the symptoms that often appear include:
There is bleeding after bowel movements, but without pain. The blood that comes out of these symptoms is bright red.
The presence of a lump hanging outside the anus, the lump is painful and sensitive. Usually, after a bowel movement, the lump will be pushed back in.
Stools pass on their own through the anus.
Experiencing itching or irritation, pain, redness and swelling around the anus.
The discharge of mucus or mucosa after the patient has a bowel movement.
The steps to treat hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids can use drugs that function to make bowel movements easier, to treat more severe hemorrhoids can use:
Binding of hemorrhoids. A procedure performed by tying the lower part of the hemorrhoid tightly. This aims to cut off blood flow.
Operation. Aims to remove or shrink large hemorrhoids or external types.
Prevention of Hemorrhoids
Prevention of hemorrhoids can be done by making lifestyle changes in order to reduce pain in the anal and surrounding blood vessels. things that can be done, including:
Drink lots of water and reduce your consumption of caffeine and alcoholic beverages.
Increase fiber intake in food.
Do not delay defecation.
Get regular exercise.
Medicines that cause constipation should be avoided.
When to See a Doctor?
Immediately contact a doctor if you experience the symptoms that have been described earlier. Proper and fast handling can minimize complications that may occur.