When pregnant, Moms certainly want to be in a healthy condition. But the fact is not always the case. There are times when your body condition declines and experiences problems such as fever, headaches, diarrhea, and others during pregnancy. However, not just any drug can be consumed by pregnant women. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid consuming unnecessary drugs, especially early in pregnancy. The reason is, in the first trimester, fetal organs develop quickly and are vulnerable to the potential risk of drugs.
However, this does not mean Moms must endure the pain they experience. Consult yourself when you are sick to the doctor to ask for prescribed medication. And according to Dr. Cepi Teguh Pramayadi, Sp.OG, obstetrics and gynecology specialist from RSIA Bunda, Jakarta, category A drugs are the best consumed and safe for pregnant women and their fetuses. This is the recommended contents of medicines for pregnant women.
N-asetyl-cysteine flu medicines are safe for pregnant women. If you need decongestants or nasal loosening, your doctor may recommend the use of nasal sprays containing oxymetazoline. To relieve cough, doctors often recommend cough suppressants that contain dextromethorphan.
Pregnant women are not recommended to consume cold medicines containing alcohol, decongestants containing pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine which can affect blood flow to the placenta. In addition to drug consumption, it is advisable to rest, drink a lot (especially warm water), or use a nasal spray that contains salt, to reduce the feeling of tightness.
Pain Relief and Fever
Paracetamol drugs, including those that are safe for pain relief or fever. While aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen should be avoided. A number of studies say, taking these drugs early in pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage and fetal defects.
In addition to taking paracetamol, headaches can also be overcome with cold compresses and rest. For fever, Moms can help overcome it by compressing warm water, and drinking warm drinks.
Constipation and Diarrhea
About 40 percent of pregnant women will experience constipation or constipation. This is due to the hormone progesterone which affects the muscles around the intestine and makes digestion slow. Moms who have constipation can prepare laxative drugs or those containing polycarbophils, methylcellulose, or other stool softeners. For diarrhea, use drugs containing loperamide. And to replace lost body electrolyte fluid, it can be replaced with ORS or electrolyte drinks.
Constipation can also be overcome by consuming foods high in fiber and enough fluids. Mild exercise, including swimming or walking can help overcome constipation because it increases circulation which can stimulate the digestive system.
Nausea, Bloating, and Heartburn
Ranitide drugs that are safe for pregnant women can be taken to relieve nausea. For flatulence, provide medicine that contains simethicone. And if you experience heartburn, drugs with antacid content can help normalize the body’s condition.
For those who experience allergic symptoms and have passed the first trimester, doctors usually recommend the antihistamine chlorpheniramine class of drugs. This drug is a safe choice and has been used for many years by pregnant women