Your body produces stomach acid to digest food while preventing bacterial infections in the digestive tract. Unfortunately, the production of stomach acid can be excessive, causing symptoms of ulcers. This can be caused by inappropriate habits, or certain health problems, such as gastritis or GERD. Fortunately, acid reflux can be relieved by taking medication. So, what are the drug choices in pharmacies and drug stores that are effective in dealing with rising stomach acid?
Recognize the type of medication for stomach acid rise
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Even though it is needed, stomach acid can also bring problems when the amount is too much. This acidic liquid if constantly excessive can injure the lining of the stomach, stomach, and esophagus.
This condition can cause heartburn symptoms, ranging from heartburn, bloating, nausea, heartburn, until the mouth feels bitter. The number of symptoms as well as the underlying causes, certainly makes the choice of drugs for gastric acid rise to be very diverse.
Usually, the administration of drugs will be adjusted to the underlying conditions and the severity of the complaint. Broadly speaking, stomach acid drugs to relieve ulcers consist of two types. First is over the counter (OTC) or without a prescription, and second is a drug that requires a special prescription from a doctor at the pharmacy.
However, still consult with your pharmacist or doctor to get the best stomach acid medicine according to your condition.
The choice of stomach acid medication goes up without a prescription at the pharmacy
treat stomach acid pharmacies
Ulcer medication is usually relied upon to reduce symptoms such as heartburn and treat irritation of the esophagus. OTC drugs (over the counter) or known as over-the-counter medicines are types of medicines that are sold without a specific prescription from a doctor.
This type of stomach acid medication is usually easy to find in pharmacies or even in food stalls. There are three types of over-the-counter medicines that can be used to treat stomach acid, including:
Antacids are one of the over-the-counter drugs that are used to neutralize stomach acid. Some antacids contain simethicone, which is an ingredient that helps get rid of excess gas in the body.
Examples of antacid drugs are Mylanta®, Malox®, Rolaids®, Gaviscon®, Gelusil®, and Tums®. However, the consumption of antacids alone cannot cure an inflamed throat due to acid reflux.
Overuse of antacids can cause side effects such as constipation, diarrhea, stomach cramps, and sometimes kidney problems. This is why, be sure to always follow the consumption instructions stated on the drug label.
2. H-2 receptor blockers
The drug histamine-2 (H-2) receptor blockers work specifically to reduce the increase in stomach acid production, which can lead to ulcers. Examples of this type of drug are cimetidine (Tagamet®), nizatidine (Axid AR®), ranitidine (Zantac®), and famotidine (Pepcid®).
In comparison, the action of H-2 receptor blockers is not as fast as antacid drugs. But on the bright side, the H-2 receptor blockers can last longer in the body to help relieve complaints from ulcers.
Decreased stomach acid production in the body can last up to around 12 hours after taking this medicine. There are two types of H-2 receptor blockers, namely low dosages that can be bought freely and high doses that require a doctor’s prescription.
3. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are one of the drugs that can be bought over the counter at pharmacies, with stronger doses to treat stomach acid than antacids and H2 receptor blockers. Examples of this type of drug are omeprazole (Prilosec®, Zegerid®) and lansoprazole (Prevacid 24 HR®).
PPI drugs work very effectively to reduce the increase in stomach acid, especially to restore GERD which is one of the causes of ulcers.
According to the Food and Drug Administration, you can ask the pharmacist about the rules of taking each drug. Avoid taking these drugs outside of the recommendations given.
If your stomach acid symptoms don’t change after two weeks of taking over-the-counter medicines, check with your doctor immediately.
Gastric acid medication is prescribed by a doctor at the pharmacy
drug for gastric acid pharmacies
If your stomach acid doesn’t heal with over-the-counter medicines, your doctor may prescribe medicines that are more effective in treating stomach acid. Gastric acid medications from doctors are usually not much different from drugs sold in pharmacies.
However, the dose contained in these prescription drugs is usually stronger than drugs that can be purchased freely. Examples of stomach acid drugs in pharmacies that require a doctor’s prescription, include:
1. H-2 receptor blockers by prescription
H-2 receptor blockers that use prescriptions generally can relieve heartburn and treat acid reflux. Examples are famotidine (Pepcid®), nizatidine (Axid®), cimetidine (Tagam